IDEALISM AND EDUCATION|B.Ed NOTES FREE

INTRODUCTION

Idealism is the ancient western philosophy.

It is that school of western philosophy which considers;

  • This universe is created by god.
  • Spiritual world is superior to material world.
  • God is the ultimate reality and soul is the part of god.
  • Ultimate aim of human life is self-realization, which is achieved by moral laws.

EXPONENTS

idealism and education
PLATO(427-347 BC)

Propounder of Idealism is Plato. Other chief Exponents of Idealism are as follows;

• Socrates • Kant
• M.k.Gandhi • Hegel
• Swami Vivekananda • Shankar Acharya
• Aurobindo ghosh • Green
• Radhakrishanan • Fitche
• Swami Dayananda Saraswati • Barkley
• Froebel • Spinoza
• Descartes



FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF IDEALISM

▪ This universe is created by god – The idealists believe that there is certainly


▪ Spiritual world is superior to material world.
▪ Man is the best creation of the world.
▪ Ultimate aim of human life is self-realization.
▪ Truth, goodness and beauty is essential for self-realization.

AIMS OF EDUCATION

▪ Ultimate aim is to know form of soul and god.

Man has to cross 4 stages to know this-

  1. Develop natural self.
  2. Develop social self.
  3. Intellectual self.
  4. Spiritual development.

▪ Cultural development.
▪ Conservation, promotion and transmission of cultural heritage.
▪ Realization of truth, goodness and beauty.

CURRICULUM OF EDUCATION

Intellectual activitiesMoral activitiesAesthetic activities
•Mathematics
•Language
•Literature
•History
•Science
•Theology
•Ethics
•Spiritual
topics
•Art
•Music

METHODS OF TEACHING

▪ Idealists have not adopted any specific or definite method of teaching.
▪ They advocated many methods. They think themselves as creator of methods and not slave of any particular method.
▪ Idealists prescribe the following methods of teaching –

➢ Instruction method – Herbart
➢ Conversation method – Plato
➢ Logical method – Hegel
➢ Practice and repetition method – Pestalozzi
➢ Play-way method – Froebel
➢ Inductive & deductive methods – Aristotle

watch this video lecture for easy explanation.

DISCIPLINE AND IDEALISM

▪ Idealism believes in inner discipline.
▪ Freedom of child should be restricted.
▪ Human behavior should have internal control rather than external one like praise and punishment.
▪ Emphasize on impressionistic discipline.

TEACHER AND IDEALISM

▪ Role of teacher is supreme and important.
▪ Teacher helps in moral & spiritual development.
▪ Teacher is pivot (centre) of the education process.
▪ In Indian idealism, teacher has been considered equal to 3 gods (tri-dev).

“ The teacher is just like a gardener who works in a garden in order to bring about the growth of plants”. -Froebel 

SCHOOL AND IDEALISM

▪ According to idealism, school is the only place for regular and effective education.
▪ School is an ideal of pleasing and joyful activities for children.
▪ Students come into contact with ideal teachers in schools and get the education of high ideals.


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